Biopsy is a procedure that involves the removal of a small specimen of tissue for laboratory examination and in most cases, biopsy remains the gold standard for confirmation of diagnosis. A biopsy may be advised when the clinical examination and other investigations show suspicious findings. Biopsy is a simple surgical procedure that can be done in outpatient settings and in some cases may be guided by imaging such as an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI. Occasionally, surgery under anaesthesia may be needed to get a tissue sample.
Breast Cancer Diagnosis | Susan G. Komen®
Breast cancer is often first suspected when a lump or change is found in the breast or when an abnormal area is seen on a mammogram. However, the only way to know for sure is through follow-up tests. This section describes how breast cancer is diagnosed and the factors that affect prognosis and guide treatment. Sometimes, breast cancer can be ruled out with a follow-up mammogram diagnostic mammogram , breast ultrasound or breast MRI. Diagnostic Mammogram. A biopsy removes cells or tissue from a suspicious area in the breast. The cells or tissue are studied under a microscope to see if cancer is present.
Our doctors have the training and experience to diagnose and treat many breast cancer types , from triple-negative, inflammatory and metastatic to luminal, HER2-positive or others. As part of our commitment to delivering advanced treatments when possible, your oncologist may help determine if you are a candidate for one of our ongoing clinical trials. Advance genomic testing : Genomic testing examines a tumor on a cellular level to look for the DNA alterations that are driving the growth of cancer.
Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. Doctors use many tests to find, or diagnose, breast cancer. They also do tests to learn if the cancer has spread to a part of the body other than the breast and the lymph nodes under the arm. If this happens, it is called a metastasis See the Metastatic Breast Cancer guide for more information.